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Alternatives to JavaScript
JavaScript

Alternatives to JavaScript 

JavaScript Alternatives for Web Developers

When it comes to front-end development, hardly any programmer can do without JavaScript, which is a universal solution for web interfaces creation.

The Good of JavaScript

There’s really much to love when it comes to JavaScript, so here are some of the reasons why it’s one of the most popular and widely-used programming languages:

  • It’s the only de-facto option when it comes to front-end development and client-side interface, as it allows programmers to create all kinds of interactive elements and dynamic web pages;
  • JavaScript is light, has a simple syntax, and uses the Single Threaded Event Loop model which eliminates much of the programming complexity;
  • It’s prototype-oriented;
  • With the introduction of Node.js, JavaScript unlocked the back-end programming options once reserved only for the server-side languages such as Java, Python, or Ruby.

The Bad of JavaScript

Here’s why some developers would like to avoid JavaScript as much as possible:

  • It’s weakly typed, which makes the code comparatively obscure;
  • Since users can see the code, JavaScript can be used for malicious purposes and compromise the client-side security;
  • The code has to be tested on different browsers before publishing because it won’t execute in the same way on every browser;
  • The lack of debugging makes it difficult for developers to spot a problem.

Alternatives to JavaScript

1. CoffeeScript

This language is trans complied into JS. What it does is improving the readability of JavaScript and making the code simpler and shorter. CoffeeScript can also be used with Node.js. It is not a modification or a subgroup of JavaScript, though. But if you want to use it for coding, you need to know JavaScript anyway. Drawbacks of CoffeeScript include a need for compilation, a limited feature set & few specialists writing in it.

2. Dart

Dart is Google’s product that offers a lot of opportunities for constructing well-structured apps. It is a new-gen high-performance language that gives pretty much flexibility to developers. Dart is regularly upgraded by Google, but if compared to JavaScript it still has fewer capabilities and a smaller community.

3. TypeScript

This programming language has been developed by Microsoft. Its primary function is an enhancement of JavaScript capabilities, which it is backward compatible with. When compiled to JS, any app written in TypeScript can be viewed in most browsers. It is also compatible with Node.js. TypeScript supports classes and modules connection as well as static type-checking. The community of the language is smaller than that of JavaScript, and coding using this language it more time-consuming.

4. ClojureScript

ClojureScript is an implementation of Clojure programming language with a compilation of JavaScript. It emits JS code which is compatible with the compilation mode of the Google Closure compiler. It smoothly works in most browsers, is compatible with mobile platforms and Node, js. It is a simple and powerful programming tool, though not as popular as JavaScript.

5. Opal

It is one of the object-oriented languages acting as a transcompiler to JavaScript from Ruby. As developers claim, Opal is developed to complement or completely replace other languages including JavaScript, Java, and C, C++, C#and Eifel. However, as of today, its popularity is low. And still, it is certainly worth mentioning.

6. Elm

Elm is a relatively new functional language used for graphic interface development. Despite its not very long history, it is now actively utilized by web-developers who work with JavaScript. It is easily compiled to JavaScript and offers much flexibility in front-end development. Elm is easy to use and features a self-formatting code.

7. Kaffeine

If you feel that the capabilities of JavaScript are not sufficient for all your tasks completion, try Kaffeine — an effective tool, the main purpose of which is an extension of JavaScript syntax. Its code compiles JavaScript code and makes the process of debugging simpler.

8. Roy

Like many other languages, Roy is compiled to JavaScript. It has been developed as an experimental tool and to a large extent resembles JavaScript. Roy not only makes a gen

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